Material: 5 Environmentally Friendly Alternative Home Materials

Material- Having your own home is everyone’s dream. Many people aspire that one day they will build their own dream home. Unfortunately, there are many factors that need to be considered when building a house, starting from the model and design, foundation, location, plumbing, and electricity, as well as the materials used.

Nowadays, more and more people are aware of environmental issues so they are starting to think about their carbon footprint and switch to materials that are more environmentally friendly than conventional materials for the needs of building houses.

Although currently, alternative materials are not quite popular in Indonesia, here are some alternative materials that can be considered when building your dream home. Check out the following review, come on!

Cob (a mixture of sand, clay, and straw)

Cob is an ancient building material made from natural materials. The consistency consists of 35% sand, 35% clay and straw, and 30% fine gravel. Because of the natural ingredients contained in it, consider that cob material an environmentally friendly building material. The use of cobs can also combine with some other recycled materials such as glass bottles.

To avoid weather damage, must make the foundation of the roof of the house a little wider to protect the cob material. Even so, a completely dry cob will last a long time even if it rains. You can also apply plaster if you want the wall surface made of cob to look smoother and last longer.


In Indonesia, many have used bamboo material since ancient times, namely as house walls made of woven bamboo or cubicles.

Currently, many people use bamboo as raw material for various parts of the house such as floors, foundations, and roofs. Bamboo is also used as a material for bridges, building scaffolding, and fences.

Keep in mind that bamboo has some drawbacks. Among them is the characteristic of bamboo which shrinks when the consistency of the water in it decreases. In addition, bamboo is also prone to damage by insects and fungi.

Recycled plastic bricks

Brick is a material for making house walls which usually consists of a mixture of sand, cement, and white lime. However, recently there are many innovations that produce bricks from refined plastic waste.

Reporting from France24, two women from Jakarta named Ovy Sabrina and Novita Tan are the innovators behind these plastic waste bricks. Their concern arose after learning that Indonesia was the second-largest producer of plastic waste after China.

Until now, the innovation of brick made from plastic waste has been present in several areas other than Jakarta, such as in Cianjur, West Java, and West Korawaringin, Central Kalimantan.


This material is still foreign in Indonesia. Cork is a layer of oak that is found in the Southern Mediterranean region. Using cork as a material for wine lids and bulletin boards is a more popular fact, cork is very environmentally friendly, you know! Both from the harvest, and production, to use.

Cork has low conductivity to heat, sound, vibration, and fire resistance. In addition, the waterproof, lightweight, and elastic properties of cork are very suitable as insulation.

Used wood and iron

For this one material, it is more challenging to use. For those of you who want to use scrap wood and iron as new home materials, you need to do a fairly long process in order to get good results.

The first step is to collect used wood or iron materials that are still suitable for use. After that, you need to understand the characteristics of the materials you find. Next is the processing, installation, and maintenance process. If done properly, used materials, such as wood and iron, can produce a comfortable and aesthetic dwelling.

For maximum results, you need to do in-depth research and it’s a good idea to consult a contractor or architect in building a dwelling with alternative environmentally friendly materials. You also need to pay attention to the characteristics of each material further. May be useful!